Greece - Kos Island - Aesclepeion
View towards the Aegean Sea from a lowered point upon the third and upper terrace.
The inserted statues from the Archeological Museum in Kos City represent from left to right:
Hygeia, daughter to Aesclepios
In Greek and Roman mythology Hygieia was a daughter of the god of medicine, Asclepius. She was the goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation. She also played an important part in her father's cult. While her father was more directly associated with healing, she was associated with the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health. Her name is the source of the word "hygiene".
He was the son of Apollo and Coronis. His mother was killed for being unfaithful to Apollo and was laid out on a funeral pyre to be consumed, but the unborn child was rescued from her womb. From this he received the name Asklepios "to cut open". Apollo carried the baby to the centaur Chiron who raised Asclepius and instructed him in the art of medicine.
Asclepios was married to Epione, with whom he had six daughters: Hygieia, Meditrina (the serpent-bearer), Panacea, Aceso, Iaso, and Aglaea, and three sons: Machaon, Podaleirios and Telesphoros. He also sired a son, Aratus, with Aristodama. The names of his daughters each rather transparently reflect a certain subset of the overall theme of "good health".
Zeus killed Asclepios with a thunderbolt because he raised Hippolytus from the dead and accepted gold for it. Other stories say that Asclepios was killed because after bringing people back from the dead, Hades thought that no more dead spirits would come to the underworld, so asked his brother to remove him. This angered Apollo who in turn murdered the cyclops who made the thunderbolt for Zeus. For this act, Zeus banned Apollo from the night sky and commanded Apollo to serve Admetus, King of Thessaly. After Asclepios' death, Zeus placed Asclepios among the stars as the constellation Ophiuchus ("the Serpent Holder").
Hippocrates of Kos (ca. 460 BC – ca. 370 BC) - Greek: Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs was an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles, and was considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the "father of medicine" in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of medicine.
Approx. at 4 kilometer's distance from Kos City you can find one of the oldest healing centres in the world. The father of medicine, Hippocrates, also studied and practiced here. Hippocrates was of the opinion that not only the disease was to be healed but that attention and care should be given to the person as a whole. Something that is far too often forgotten again nowadays!
I went there by bike, a bit steep on my way to the Aesclepeion and going back to Kos City I did by the laws of gravity...